Hallux Valgus: Symptoms and treatments

The Hallux Valgus, also called the onion of the foot, is a deformation of the large toe which can cause pain, friction, deformations and difficulties in walking. This is a frequent problem affecting millions of people around the world. In this article, we will explore in detail what the Hallux Valgus is, the symptoms it can cause, as well as the methods to relieve pain.

Definition of the Hallux Valgus: The hallux valgus is characterized by a deformation of the large toe where the joint at its base moves from its normal position, causing a bone projection on the side of the foot, commonly called an "onion". This condition is more frequent in women and can result from a combination of genetic factors, age, sex, wearing unsuitable shoes and certain health problems. For example, wearing narrow or high heels is not recommended because it can worsen the deformation.


Hallux Valgus symptoms: Symptoms may vary in intensity and understand:

  • Pain or discomfort when walking or running
  • Swelling, redness or heat in the joint of the big toe
  • Presence of a painful bump on the side of the foot
  • Formation of calluses or cors on or near the bump
  • Visible deformation of the toe, which can be oriented outwards.


Treatment of the Hallux Valgus

The treatment of the Hallux Valgus depends on the severity of the deformation and the pain it causes. It is crucial to consult a healthcare professional specializing in feet problems, such as a podiatrist or a podiatrist, for a precise diagnosis and suitable advice. Here are some current approaches recommended by these experts:

Modification of shoes: The inadequate adjustment of shoes can worsen the symptoms of the Hallux Valgus. Shoes with a larger and more flexible toe box can relieve pressure on the toe, thus reducing pain. It may also be recommended to use pads, silicone protectors or socks with toe separators.

Orthotses: Plantar orthotics or orthopedic soles offer support for the arch of the foot, correct deformations and reduce pain in the plantar vault, preview and toes. These devices contribute to minimizing friction and preventing the formation of dorillons.

Drugs : Over -the -counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen, can relieve pain linked to the Hallux Valgus. Special dressings can also be used to reduce friction.

Surgery : In case of significant deformation, surgery can be considered. It aims to realign the joint of the big toe and to reduce bone deviation. An orthopedic surgeon can present the different techniques during a pre-operative consultation.


The Hallux Valgus can represent a painful and disabling challenge, but various treatment options are available to relieve pain and correct deformation. In case of pain or discomfort in terms of foot, it is imperative to consult a health professional. Adopt feet care practices, choose comfortable and appropriate shoes contribute to the prevention of this deformation or to reducing its severity if it manifests. It is also essential to maintain good feet hygiene because excessive sweating and skin lesions can worsen symptoms.

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