Understand sciatica: symptoms, causes and solutions

Sciatica, throbbing pain along the sciatic nerve, is a debilitating condition that can seriously alter the quality of life. Understanding the symptoms, causes and possible solutions is crucial for those who suffer from this condition. In this article, we will plunge into the details of sciatica, emphasizing the roots of the sciatic nerve, current symptoms and various conditions that can trigger it.

The foundations of the sciatic nerve: The sciatic nerve, the greatest nerve of the human body, plays an essential role in the sensitivity of the lower body and in certain movements. It is divided into two main roots:

  • The L5 root, emerging between the fourth and fifth lumbar vertebrae.
  • The S1 root, coming out between the fifth lumbar vertebra and the first sacred vertebra.

Causes of sciatica: Sciatica often results from irritation or compression of the sciatic nerve. Several conditions can trigger this irritation, the most common of which are:

  1. Hernia disc: when the disc between the vertebrae exerts pressure on the nerve.
  2. Narrow lumbar canal syndrome: a narrowing of the lumbar canal which compresses the sciatic nerve.
  3. Arthritis: Inflammation of the joints can contribute to the compression of the nerve.

Symptoms of sciatica: Symptoms of sciatica vary, but generally understand:

  • Acute pain or burning sensation along the sciatic nerve.
  • Irradiation of the pain in the buttocks, legs and feet.
  • Worsening of pain while walking, sitting or going to bed.
  • Muscle weakness, tingling or tingling in the legs.
  • Loss of sensitivity in parts of the leg or foot.

Manage sciatica: Sciatica management often involves multiple approaches, in particular:

  1. Medical treatment: anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and sometimes, muscle relaxants.
  2. Physiotherapy: exercises to strengthen muscles and improve flexibility.
  3. Surgical intervention: in serious cases where other treatments do not relieve pain.

Sciatica can have a significant impact on daily life, but an in -depth understanding of symptoms and causes is essential to find suitable solutions. If you think you are suffering from sciatica, consult a health professional for a precise diagnosis and treatment options adapted to your situation.


The causes of sciatica are varied, but the disc hernny remains the main one. It results from a tear or a rupture of a disc in the spine, thus causing the compression of the nerve roots.

Other origins of sciatica may include:

  • Inflammatory disease of the spine such as osteoporosis.
  • Osteoarthritis of lumbar vertebrae.
  • Trauma of the lumbar zone, such as a fracture or a compassionate.


What are the treatments for sciatica?

Various treatments are available to relieve sciatica and reduce pain. Medical options include the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, pain relievers and corticosteroids to reduce inflammation of the sciatic nerve. Physiotherapy can also be beneficial by strengthening back and leg muscles, thus helping to prevent future episodes of sciatica.

In some cases, surgery may be necessary to relieve sciatica. This may involve decompression of the sciatic nerve or the repair of a herniated disc. Surgery is envisaged when other treatments have not given satisfactory results or in the event of severe sciatica.

In addition, the use of orthopedic cushions or a lumbar belt can help take care of your body by improving your posture. The use of an orthopedic cushion for a few weeks can reduce the pressure exerted on the sciatic nerve, resulting in a significant decrease in pain.


It is essential to consult your doctor to determine the treatment best suited to your sciatica case. As a rule, early treatment can help reduce the duration of pain and prevent future episodes. If you are faced with sciatica, also take care of your body by maintaining good posture, regularly practicing exercises and avoiding lifting heavy objects.

Recent articles

Hallux Valgus: Symptoms and treatments

The Hallux Valgus, also called the onion of the foot, is a deformation of the large toe which can cause pain, friction, deformations and difficulties in walking. This is a...

Read more